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Resiliency: Facilitating Group Practice

This LibGuide provides materials to practitioners about facilitating groups.

Navigating this LibGuide

This LibGuide features materials related to facilitating groups. Please see below for instructions on how to navigate this guide:

  • To the left, you will find your main menu, which includes three sections: ProQuest Materials / NC Live Materials / Additional Resources
  • You will find many materials about each topic on their subject page. Each item will have a link that will take you to NC Live or ProQuest.
  • To access the ProQuest Materials, you can either:
    • Type in the e-ISBN in the search bar on your university library's webpage OR
    • Click the title to follow the link directly to the ProQuest Webpage for this item. Use your university single sign on credentials to access the materials.
  • To access Additional Resources:
    • Click on the title/name of the item to load it
  • To Access the NC Live Materials:
    • Go directly to the NC Live website and enter the information on the search bar OR
    • Click the title to follow the link directly to the NC Live Webpage for this item. NC Live will ask you the name of your institution through a drop-down menu. Scroll through the menu until you locate the name of your library. Select the name of your library to to log into NC Live. 

What is Group Facilitation?

A group is defined as two or more individuals in face-to-face interaction, each aware of their membership in the group, each aware of the others who belong in the group, and each aware of their positive interdependence as they strive to achieve mutual goals (Castro and Weber, 1998). 

Groups can be either formal (i.e. work group or school group with designated tasks related to its function) or informal (i.e. friend group, group of coworkers, community groups or organizations) (Lumen, 2024). Formal groups are relatively permanent and are usually under a single supervisor. 

Examples of formal groups include:

  • command groups
  • task group
  • support group

Examples of informal groups include:

  • interest group
  • friendship group

According to Castro and Weber (1998), there are 5 Stages of Group Development:

  1. Forming
  2. Storming
  3. Norming
  4. Performing
  5.  Adjourning

Facilitators have several roles within their groups, including leadership. According to Brooks-Harris and Shollenberger (1998) define leadership as, "the process of assisting a group to realize its common goals, visions, and dreams."


ADR Institute of Canada. (2024). What is group facilitation?,plan%20strategy%2C%20and%20make%20decisions

Brooks-Harris, J. E. & Shollenberger, K. G. (1998). Group facilitation skills for student leaders.

Castro, T. & Weber, C. (1998). Facilitation of the group process.

Looking for more information on your campus?

Use the search terms below:

  • group facilitation techniques
  • group facilitator AND worksheets
  • roles of group facilitator
  • types of groups
  • group facilitator AND college students