Skip to Main Content


Library resources and services pertaining to the composer Ludwig van Beethoven.

Beethoven's Legacy


The following composers are notable among the hundreds who claim Beethoven as a direct influence:

  • Richard Wagner (1813-1883)
  • Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
  • Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
  • Dame Ethel Smyth (1858-1944)
  • Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)
  • Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
  • John Adams (b. 1947)

Recommended resource:

Wagner, Schumann, and the Lessons of Beethoven's Ninth by Christopher Alan Reynolds (ebook, published 2015): In this original study, Christopher Alan Reynolds examines the influence of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony on two major nineteenth-century composers, Richard Wagner and Robert Schumann. During 1845-46 the compositional styles of Schumann and Wagner changed in a common direction, toward a style that was more contrapuntal, more densely motivic, and engaged in processes of thematic transformation.